- Dave Bowman
- Ancient South Africa, US
An ancient and unseen superior race uses a mechanism with the appearance of a large crystal monolith to investigate worlds across the galaxy and, if possible, to encourage the development of intelligent life. One such monolith appears in ancient Africa, three million years B.C., where it inspires a starving group of the hominid ancestors of human beings to conceive of tools. Monolith is observed as spark of intelligence.